This lesson is based on classroom practice that has been proven, by research, to work.

Eagle-Bearers in the Roman Army


When Caesar first arrived at the Kent coast in 55 BC and was ready to land his troops on the beach his soldiers refused to leave their ships because they had to jump into deep water. One soldier, an eagle-bearer, persuaded the other soldiers to jump into the deep water. 

An eagle-bearer is the soldier chosen to carry a legion’s gold eagle. Eagle-bearers were important during battles because they were used to communicate orders to the soldiers. When the eagle-bearer told the soldiers to jump into the water during Caesar’s invasion, they all obeyed him and he saved the day. 

As well as English and history skills the Evidence-Based Learning skills developed in this lesson include collaborative learning and metacognition. This lesson also offers pupils the opportunity to master peer teaching. 


Each evidence-based learning (EBL) Roman history resource in this set is a complete lesson which uses the history curriculum as a framework through which each of the eight EBL skills can be mastered. Each resource has “mastering” one EBL skill as its central focus and all eight EBL skills are covered more than once in these lessons.

All eight EBL skills are better gained working with a partner so much of the work in these lessons is collaborative. These resources will ensure that pupils can master and use EBL skills regardless of their ability.

Each Roman history lesson will develop a single EBL skill through:

1) A “Before You Start” page that introduces the EBL skill.

2) Opportunities to master this skill during the lesson.

3) An “After You Finish” page that offers pupils the chance to evaluate their learning experience (of the lesson and the EBL skill) and to identify their next step in using the EBL skill.

The skills in bold below are all the EBL skills developed in this Roman lesson. Click on each skill to learn more about that skill.

  1. Collaboration
  2. Thinking Skills
  3. Peer Assessment
  4. Peer Teaching
  5. Self-Assessment
  6. Metacognition
  7. Self-Regulation
  8. Independent Learning


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Eagle Bearers in the Roman Army - Mastering Evidence Based Learning skills through The Romans - KS2 English Evidence Based Learning lesson
Eagle-Bearers in the Roman Army