This lesson is based on classroom practice that has been proven, by research, to work.

Caesar Forgot His Umbrella


Julius Caesar, his soldiers and his favourite dog have just invaded Britain in 55 BC. His dog’s name is Rex. This lesson recaps how Caesar’s invasion started and then explains why he had to give up the invasion and return to Gaul. 

Caesar won’t tell you this, but the main reason why he had to return to Gaul was that he forgot his umbrella. Caesar and Rex had some great days out but it rained all the time. It was his own fault. What tourist, world leader or Roman general would go to Britain without an umbrella?

As well as English (writing a recount) and history skills the Evidence-Based Learning skills developed in this lesson include collaborative learning and self-assessment. This lesson also offers pupils the opportunity to master metacognition.  


Each evidence-based learning (EBL) Roman history resource in this set is a complete lesson which uses the history curriculum as a framework through which each of the eight EBL skills can be mastered. Each resource has “mastering” one EBL skill as its central focus and all eight EBL skills are covered more than once in these lessons.

All eight EBL skills are better gained working with a partner so much of the work in these lessons is collaborative. These resources will ensure that pupils can master and use EBL skills regardless of their ability.

Each Roman history lesson will develop a single EBL skill through:

1) A “Before You Start” page that introduces the EBL skill.

2) Opportunities to master this skill during the lesson.

3) An “After You Finish” page that offers pupils the chance to evaluate their learning experience (of the lesson and the EBL skill) and to identify their next step in using the EBL skill.

The skills in bold below are all the EBL skills developed in this Roman lesson. Click on each skill to learn more about that skill.

  1. Collaboration
  2. Thinking Skills
  3. Peer Assessment
  4. Peer Teaching
  5. Self-Assessment
  6. Metacognition
  7. Self-Regulation
  8. Independent Learning


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Caesar Forgot His Umbrella - Mastering Evidence Based Learning skills through The Romans - KS2 English Evidence Based Learning lesson
Caesar Forgot His Umbrella